Originally Buddhism is not a religion. It is a
practicing by the teaching of Buddha to achieve the
ultimate goal, Nirvana; a state of liberation and
freedom from suffering; the end of rebirth.
Buddhists are the followers of Buddha who are
practicing of the teaching of Buddha; called Dharma.
According to Dharma, Buddhists believe that there is
rebirth after death. The same person does not return
into rebirth but his action in previous life
reflects the new person in rebirth. It is like a
person and his image in the mirror. Let’s say that
the image in the mirror is new person after rebirth.
After death, the new life become with a new body.
There is not soul in Theravada Buddhism which goes
into the new body. The rebirth can be as human or
animal or other living things which can be in any
condition of existence, poor, rich, ugly, beautiful,
etc. It will be vary depends on the action of
previous life. In fact most individuals go through
many cycles of birth and rebirth. To end the
rebirth, one needs to mind and practice the
1. Right understanding; understanding the Four Noble
2. Right thinking; following the right path in life
3. Right speech; not lying, condemning, gossip, etc.
4. Right conduct; following
5. Right livelihood; supporting yourself without
6. Right effort; promoting good thoughts and
conquering evil thoughts
7. Right mindfulness; awareness of your body, mind
8. Right concentration; meditating to achieve a
higher state of consciousness
The Five Precepts
1. Do not kill
2. Do not steal
3. Do not tell lie
4. Do not misuse sex
5. Do not consume alcohol or drugs
monks follow other five Precepts more,
6. Do not have meals after 12
7. To avoid the entertainment
8. To avoid using cosmetic, perfume, etc.
9. To avoid using luxury bed
10. To avoid doing business or holding money
The teaching of Buddha includes three parts;
1. The disciplines for the monks
2. The core teaching of Buddha
3. The philosophical teaching of Buddha; a very
precise and detailed description of the mental and
Buddha passed his teaching in oral form. After death
of Buddha, the teaching of Buddha are recorded in
Pali Canon; Buddhist scripture, on palm leaves.
Today Buddhism has become a religion. Buddhists
offer to the Buddha statue and praying and blessing
for what they want to be rather practicing
meditation or purification their mind. In this way,
Buddhism has been wrongly changed into a religion.
Buddha had taught his followers to achieve Nirvana
by following his teaching. One has to mind and
practice by his own effort.
The Four Noble Truths
1. Suffering exists (pain, sickness, loss, failure,
the impermanence of pleasure)
2. There is a cause for suffering (Every kind of
desires leads to suffer)
3. There is an end of suffering (It is Nirvana.
Suffering ceases with Nirvana, the mind experiences
complete freedom, liberation and has
non-attachments. It lets come any desire or
4. To end the suffering, one must follow and
practice the Eightfold Path.
Who is Buddha?
Buddha was a human who achieved the ultimate in
development of human potential. He was born as a
prince in 623 BC, a son of King Suddhodana and Queen
Maya in Northern India. His name was Siddhartha
Gautama and he was raised as a Hindu and in a luxury
life. He was a king at the age of 16 and married to
Yasodhara. At the age of 29, he leaved his royal
palace, his wife and son, his people in order to
seek the truth and solve the human suffering.
He led his life as an ascetic in the forest and
tried different methods of meditation for 6 years.
One last night, he attained the enlightenment at the
age of 35. He had make effort as a generous one in
many cycles of his previous lives. He could be able
to achieve the enlightenment in the last life as a
prince Shddhartha. Buddha means enlightenment one.
After enlightenment, he spent his time by teaching
his followers what he had discovered and experienced
by his own effort. He taught a methodology of
purification of mind and great diligence which is
reachable of every human being. After 45 years of
teaching, he passed away (pari-nibbana) at the age
of 80. Buddha would never be again into the life
cycle or rebirth.
Why Buddhists pay homage to Buddha?
Buddha is an incomparable one and a teacher for the
Buddhists. Because of his teaching, they know the
truth about human suffering and the way to end the
human suffering. At least they know the way how to
reduce the suffering even though they can’t achieve
the ultimate goal, Nirvana. The teaching of Buddha
guides the present life and next life as well as the
way to achieve the ultimate goal. It is also the way
of living out of suffering. It humanizes in
religious way. Buddhists thank to their leader and
pay respect to him. He is the most venerated one for
There are many methods of meditation but these can
be defined into two classes, concentration
meditation and mindfulness meditation. Both are not
clear cut and connecting each other during
Anapana is a method of meditation concentration on
breathing in and out. Vipassana is mindfulness
meditation, means to mind thing as they really are.
Explanation in very easy way; one has to just
concentrate on breathing in and out or sensation of
the body during meditation. Mind yourself as there
is no existence of you like your body is not exist,
let yourself no desires and no thinking and just
mind what is happening in your body outside and
inside. If your thoughts are up coming, observe your
thoughts and concentrate again to mind yourself. And
you don't have to respond the sensation of your body
inside and outside too, just observe that those
thinking and sensation are up coming and out going
(passing by). Thinking, things, sensations, all are
When your mind is full with calm, one can have an
inspiration moment and one can get at least these
benefits by meditation.
- It can keep you fresh and healthy.
- It can reduce the stresses and you can be
happier and calm in life.
- You can be able to work more than you used
to and get success in life.
- Your brain is brighter than before and you
are better in school and can get better score.
- Your mind is getting purify and it can keep
you youth and your skin.
- You will be calm in any situation of life
good or bad.
- You are fresh when you wake up even you
sleep less some minutes or hours for meditation.
Some people who know the secret of meditation are
now practicing all over the world. It is for all
religions and one who practices can get those
benefits. It doesn't choose the person or
Meditation is supposed not only in sitting position,
but also we can practice it in all positions in our
spare time, for example, before you sleep and when
you get up while you are lying in your bed, while
you are walking, in the car, in the bus. etc., of
course sitting position is better. If one does it
only 15 minutes in daily, one can never get brain
lock. The longer we do it, the more benefit you can
get. Of course it may not easy to concentrate your
mind but think about the benefits of meditation.