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Buddhism

Theravada Buddhism
Originally Buddhism is not a religion. It is a practicing by the teaching of Buddha to achieve the ultimate goal, Nirvana; a state of liberation and freedom from suffering; the end of rebirth.

Buddhists are the followers of Buddha who are practicing of the teaching of Buddha; called Dharma. According to Dharma, Buddhists believe that there is rebirth after death. The same person does not return into rebirth but his action in previous life reflects the new person in rebirth. It is like a person and his image in the mirror. Let’s say that the image in the mirror is new person after rebirth. After death, the new life become with a new body. There is not soul in Theravada Buddhism which goes into the new body. The rebirth can be as human or animal or other living things which can be in any condition of existence, poor, rich, ugly, beautiful, etc. It will be vary depends on the action of previous life. In fact most individuals go through many cycles of birth and rebirth. To end the rebirth, one needs to mind and practice the Eightfold path.

These are:
1. Right understanding; understanding the Four Noble Truths
2. Right thinking; following the right path in life
3. Right speech; not lying, condemning, gossip, etc. 4. Right conduct; following
5. Right livelihood; supporting yourself without harming others
6. Right effort; promoting good thoughts and conquering evil thoughts
7. Right mindfulness; awareness of your body, mind and feeling
8. Right concentration; meditating to achieve a higher state of consciousness

The Five Precepts
1. Do not kill
2. Do not steal
3. Do not tell lie
4. Do not misuse sex
5. Do not consume alcohol or drugs
The Buddhist monks follow other five Precepts more,

these are;
6. Do not have meals after 12
7. To avoid the entertainment
8. To avoid using cosmetic, perfume, etc.
9. To avoid using luxury bed
10. To avoid doing business or holding money

The teaching of Buddha includes three parts;
1. The disciplines for the monks
2. The core teaching of Buddha
3. The philosophical teaching of Buddha; a very precise and detailed description of the mental and physical processes.

Buddha passed his teaching in oral form. After death of Buddha, the teaching of Buddha are recorded in Pali Canon; Buddhist scripture, on palm leaves. Today Buddhism has become a religion. Buddhists offer to the Buddha statue and praying and blessing for what they want to be rather practicing meditation or purification their mind. In this way, Buddhism has been wrongly changed into a religion. Buddha had taught his followers to achieve Nirvana by following his teaching. One has to mind and practice by his own effort.

The Four Noble Truths
1. Suffering exists (pain, sickness, loss, failure, the impermanence of pleasure)
2. There is a cause for suffering (Every kind of desires leads to suffer)
3. There is an end of suffering (It is Nirvana. Suffering ceases with Nirvana, the mind experiences complete freedom, liberation and has non-attachments. It lets come any desire or attachment)
4. To end the suffering, one must follow and practice the Eightfold Path.

Who is Buddha?
Buddha was a human who achieved the ultimate in development of human potential. He was born as a prince in 623 BC, a son of King Suddhodana and Queen Maya in Northern India. His name was Siddhartha Gautama and he was raised as a Hindu and in a luxury life. He was a king at the age of 16 and married to Yasodhara. At the age of 29, he leaved his royal palace, his wife and son, his people in order to seek the truth and solve the human suffering.

He led his life as an ascetic in the forest and tried different methods of meditation for 6 years. One last night, he attained the enlightenment at the age of 35. He had make effort as a generous one in many cycles of his previous lives. He could be able to achieve the enlightenment in the last life as a prince Shddhartha. Buddha means enlightenment one. After enlightenment, he spent his time by teaching his followers what he had discovered and experienced by his own effort. He taught a methodology of purification of mind and great diligence which is reachable of every human being. After 45 years of teaching, he passed away (pari-nibbana) at the age of 80. Buddha would never be again into the life cycle or rebirth.

Why Buddhists pay homage to Buddha?
Buddha is an incomparable one and a teacher for the Buddhists. Because of his teaching, they know the truth about human suffering and the way to end the human suffering. At least they know the way how to reduce the suffering even though they can’t achieve the ultimate goal, Nirvana. The teaching of Buddha guides the present life and next life as well as the way to achieve the ultimate goal. It is also the way of living out of suffering. It humanizes in religious way. Buddhists thank to their leader and pay respect to him. He is the most venerated one for the Buddhists.

Meditation
There are many methods of meditation but these can be defined into two classes, concentration meditation and mindfulness meditation. Both are not clear cut and connecting each other during meditation.

Anapana is a method of meditation concentration on breathing in and out. Vipassana is mindfulness meditation, means to mind thing as they really are.

Explanation in very easy way; one has to just concentrate on breathing in and out or sensation of the body during meditation. Mind yourself as there is no existence of you like your body is not exist, let yourself no desires and no thinking and just mind what is happening in your body outside and inside. If your thoughts are up coming, observe your thoughts and concentrate again to mind yourself. And you don't have to respond the sensation of your body inside and outside too, just observe that those thinking and sensation are up coming and out going (passing by). Thinking, things, sensations, all are impermanent.
When your mind is full with calm, one can have an inspiration moment and one can get at least these benefits by meditation.

  • It can keep you fresh and healthy.
  • It can reduce the stresses and you can be happier and calm in life.
  • You can be able to work more than you used to and get success in life.
  • Your brain is brighter than before and you are better in school and can get better score.
  • Your mind is getting purify and it can keep you youth and your skin.
  • You will be calm in any situation of life good or bad.
  • You are fresh when you wake up even you sleep less some minutes or hours for meditation.

Some people who know the secret of meditation are now practicing all over the world. It is for all religions and one who practices can get those benefits. It doesn't choose the person or nationality.
Meditation is supposed not only in sitting position, but also we can practice it in all positions in our spare time, for example, before you sleep and when you get up while you are lying in your bed, while you are walking, in the car, in the bus. etc., of course sitting position is better. If one does it only 15 minutes in daily, one can never get brain lock. The longer we do it, the more benefit you can get. Of course it may not easy to concentrate your mind but think about the benefits of meditation.